ARTICLE I – NAME
The name of this organization shall be the Desert Fishes Council, and shall be referred to as the Council in this document.
Within the framework of an entity organized exclusively for charitable, educational and scientific purposes [including distributions to organizations that qualify as exempt organizations under section 501(c)(3 ) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 (or the corresponding provision of any future United States Internal Revenue Law)], the Council exists to conserve the biological integrity of desert aquatic ecosystems and their associated life forms, to hold symposia to report related research and management endeavors, and to effect rapid dissemination of information concerning activities of the Council and its members.
For the purpose of this Council, the term “desert fishes” is intended to include any endemic fish or aquatic organism, be it species, subspecies, race or population that inhabits any drainage of the world’s deserts or arid areas as broadly defined.
- To stimulate and support studies in all phases of life history, ecology, conservation, management, and related intrinsic values of desert fishes and their ecosystems, including studies of introduced or exotic species that may be detrimental to desert fishes.
- To provide a clearing house of information among all agencies, organizations, and individuals professionally engaged in work on desert fishes and the general public, through appointment of work committees, preparation of bibliographies and abstracts, publication of information on the World Wide Web, and related methods, when desirable.
- To function in a professional advisory capacity, where appropriate, on questions involving conservation, management, and protection of desert fishes and their ecosystems, and to adopt such measures that will ensure continued survival of desert fishes and maintenance of their associated ecosystems in a natural state.
- To publish symposium proceedings and transactions of meetings so as to present current information on problems relating to conservation of desert fishes and their ecosystems, and to commend outstanding action by the public and professionally engaged individuals in supporting the purposes of the Council.
Any person or organization interested in or engaged in the management, protection, or scientific study of desert fishes and their ecosystems, or some related phase of desert fish conservation, shall be considered eligible for membership upon application.
The officers of the Council shall be a President, Executive Secretary, Proceedings Editor, Membership Secretary, Program Secretary, Areas Coordinator, Treasurer, and Member-At-Large, all whose duties are described in the Bylaws (Article II).
The Council shall be governed by an Executive Committee.
An Annual Meeting of the Council shall be held.
ARTICLE VII – PUBLICATIONS
DFC Proceedings Volume I (1969) to Volume XXXIX (2007) are available in pdf format through the menu navigation on www.desertfishes.org. . Some volumes contain multiple years and are so designated. It is the responsibility of the Council’s Editor and Webmaster to update the online content and convert the Proceedings from the historical format of annual printed and bound issues to an online, searchable database of presented abstracts.
A Desert Fishes Council archive shall be maintained at the University of Nevada-Las Vegas library.
The affairs of the Council shall at all times be managed in such a way as to preserve and safeguard its tax-exempt status. Specifically, no part of the net earnings of the Council shall inure to the benefit of, or be distributable to its members, officers, or other private persons, except that the Council shall be authorized and empowered to pay reasonable compensation for services rendered and to make payments and distributions in furtherance of the purposes and objectives set forth in Article II hereof. No substantial part of the activities of the Council shall be in promulgating propaganda, or otherwise attempting to influence legislation, and the Council shall not participate in, or intervene in (including the publishing or distribution of statements), any political campaign on behalf of any candidate for public office. Notwithstanding any other provision of these articles, the Council shall not, except to an insubstantial degree, engage in any activities or exercise any powers that are not in furtherance of the purposes and objectives of the Council, as stated in Article II.
The Desert Fishes Council shall be deemed dissolved after a two-thirds vote favoring dissolution by the attending membership at any Annual Meeting, and upon cessation of all administrative functions, provided, however, that in no event shall said administrative functions continue for a period in excess of six months from the date of the dissolution vote.
The Dissolution Committee shall, upon the dissolution of the Council, and after paying or making provision for the payment of all of the liabilities of the Council, dispose of all of the assets of the Council exclusively for the purposes and objectives of the Council in such manner, or to such organization or organizations organized and operated exclusively for charitable, educational, or scientific purposes as shall at the time qualify as an exempt organization or organizations under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 (or the corresponding provision of any future United States Internal Revenue Law), as the Dissolution Committee shall determine. Any such assets not so disposed of shall be disposed of by the appropriate Court of the county in which the principal office of the Council is then located, exclusively for such purposes or to such organization or organizations, as said Court shall determine, which are organized and operated exclusively for such purposes.
Notwithstanding any other provision of these Articles, the organization shall not carry on any other activities not permitted by (a) an organization exempt from federal income tax under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (or the corresponding provision of any future United States Internal Revenue law) or (b) an organization which receives deductible contributions under Section 170 (c)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (or the corresponding provision of any future United States Internal Revenue law).
BYLAWS OF THE DESERT FISHES COUNCIL
The membership of the Council shall consist of the following classes: Student; Regular; Complimentary; Family; Sustaining; Life; and Patron.
Application for membership shall be transmitted in writing to the Membership Secretary on forms provided by the Council.
Membership is on a calendar year basis.
Only members may present papers at the Annual Meeting, be appointed or nominated as Council officers, and be eligible for awards and assistance granted by the Council.
The President shall have general direction of the Council officers. The President shall appoint, with the assistance of the Executive Committee, Chairs of all Committees, and shall be an ex-officio member of all Committees. The President shall preside at meetings of the Executive Committee and Council.
The Executive Secretary shall serve as general business manager and ombudsperson for the Council. Furthermore, the Executive Secretary shall be responsible for receiving and disbursing all funds of the Council. A report concerning activities of this office, and an auditing of accounts during the preceding year, shall be made by the Executive Secretary to the Council at the Annual Business Meeting, and at any time requested by the President. In the event that a majority vote of the Executive Committee determines that the President cannot serve or is not serving in the capacity designated, the Executive Secretary shall serve pro-tempore.
It shall be the responsibility of the Membership Secretary to collect and account for all membership dues payments, and to maintain the membership directory and mailing database. The Membership Secretary will provide data from the membership database to members and others, as approved by the Executive Committee, and will transmit membership dues to the Executive Secretary on an annual basis. The Membership Secretary will also provide a report to the Executive Committee and to the Council during the Annual Business Meeting.
It shall be the responsibility of the Proceedings Editor to work with the Webmaster and Program Secretary to provide appropriate editing and quality oversight of abstracts submitted by members for potential presentations at the Annual Meeting. This will assure submitted abstracts can be incorporated into an informative meeting program by the Program Secretary. The Proceedings Editor will then work with the Webmaster to publish the abstracts online in timely fashion with appropriate metadata and tags/keywords to make them and other DFC-provided information relevant to the Council’s mission. Annual meeting abstracts will thus be available and freely retrievable via the internet to Council members and the international community of researchers and managers. The Proceedings Editor will provide a report to the Executive Committee and to the Council during the Annual Business Meeting.
It shall be the responsibility of the Program Secretary to announce the Annual Meeting to members, and to organize resulting abstracts into an interesting and informative program. The program agenda shall be given to the Executive Secretary at least 30 days prior to the meeting date. The Program Secretary will provide an activities report to the Executive Committee and to the Council during the Annual Business Meeting.
It shall be the responsibility of the Areas Coordinator to function as a liaison between the Executive Committee and the Area Chairs. In this capacity, the Areas Coordinator will provide a report to the Executive Committee and to the Council during the Annual Business Meeting.
Section 7. Member-At-Large
It shall be the responsibility of the Member-At-Large to function as a liaison between the membership and the Executive Committee by soliciting and facilitating communications between the membership and the Executive Committee.
A Treasurer will be appointed by the Executive Committee to assist the Executive Secretary with financial duties as requested or directed. The Treasurer will be the only non-voting member of the Executive Committee. Duties will also include providing a detailed financial report at every Executive Committee meeting, maintaining financial files and related paperwork, and banking.
Section 9. Area Chairs
Area Chairpersons shall be appointed by the Executive Committee to represent specific geographic areas as determined by the Executive Committee, and from other areas of interest to the Council. Area Chairs will compile synopses of conservation, research, and management endeavors in their respective areas for presentation at the Annual Meeting and archived in Species Tracking Tables and the Species Accounts found on the Desert Fishes Council webpage. Area Chairs will also insure rapid dissemination of Council information among members within and among areas, and will assist the Executive Secretary in responding to information requests of a specific regional or local nature.
The Local Meeting Committee shall be composed of a chairperson and two members of the Council selected by the Executive Committee to make necessary arrangements that will promote the success of a meeting. Complete information pertaining to arrangements shall be given to the Executive Secretary at least 90 days prior to the Annual Meeting. The chair of the Local Committee will provide a report to the Executive Committee and to the Council regarding the status of the upcoming meeting.
The Student Awards Committee will consist of a chairperson and two members of the Council selected by the Executive Committee to decide by majority rule at each Annual Meeting the recipients of the Carl L. Hubbs Award, and the Robert Rush and Frances Hubbs Miller Award (By-Laws Article IV Section 7). Award recipients will be announced at close of the Annual Meeting. The chair of the Student Awards Committee will provide a report to the Executive Committee and to the Council at the Annual Business Meeting subsequent to the year the awards were made.
Miscellaneous committees shall be appointed as needed by the Executive Committee of the Council, or by the membership of the Council at its business meeting, to fulfill the needs of the Council in pursuing its Objectives and Purposes (Constitution Article II).
All Committees shall be accountable to the Council President.
All committees shall serve until new committees are appointed in their stead, or until their assigned duties have been discharged.
The Executive Committee shall be composed of the officers of the Council (Constitution Article 4) and the immediate Past President of the Council and the Executive Committee. A vote within the Executive Committee will require a 2/3 majority from the Executive Committee to pass.
The Executive Committee shall conduct its affairs to conform to the provisions of the Constitution and Bylaws. The Executive Committee is authorized to act for the Council between meetings and shall report its interim actions to the members at the succeeding Annual Business Meeting. Any action of the Executive Committee may be overridden by a two-thirds majority vote of the membership during the Annual Business Meeting.
The Executive Committee will insure that all publicity shall be restricted to Council action, programming, awards and announcements. At no time will publicity be released that would discredit any person or organization.
Candidates for Officers of the Council may be nominated in 3 ways: (1) registered members may nominate a candidate via email to the Member-At-Large no less than 3 weeks before the meeting, (2) members may nominate candidates from the floor during the Business Meeting, and/or (3) members may nominate a candidate via a nomination form placed in a nomination box at the registration desk during the annual meeting. Nomination forms will be included in the meeting registration packet provided to members attending the meeting. All nominees must be members of the Council. Nominees: The Member-at-Large will be in charge of keeping track of nominations and presenting the final list of candidates to the general membership during the annual Business Meeting. At that time the Executive Committee will ask if each of the nominated people accept their nomination, after which the members will vote for officers from the final list of accepted nominees.
When more than one nominee exists for an office, written ballots shall be received by the Executive Secretary from members present at the Annual Business Meeting, and shall be counted by the Executive Secretary and two members appointed by the President. Balloting for an individual nominee (a single candidate for an office) may be taken by a show of hands or indicated by voice.
If the office of Executive Secretary is being contested, the President will fulfill the obligations of Balloting.
The nominee receiving the largest number of votes (a plurality) shall be declared elected. No one may hold two elective positions simultaneously in the Council. In the event of a tie in election for any office, the Executive Committee shall determine the winner and the membership will be informed.
Elected Officers will serve two year terms beginning 1 January following their election in odd-numbered years. The Executive Committee’s Member-at-Large will serve a two year term, beginning 1 January, following election in even-numbered years. Appointed officers will serve as long as the Executive Committee deems necessary.
Vacancies among officers shall be filled by majority vote of the Executive Committee.
Members may submit resolutions to the Council by following the same instructions and deadlines established to submit abstracts for the Annual Meeting. Proposed resolutions must be submitted with complete lists of proposed recipients of the resolution and all contact information for those individuals. Proposed resolutions will be reviewed by a committee of members appointed for this purpose for compliance with Section 11 (Limitations). If deemed in compliance, proposed resolutions accepted by that committee shall be discussed by the assembled membership at the Annual Business Meeting and ratified by majority vote. The author of a resolution will report to the membership where appropriate.
Resolutions will be limited to those that further the objectives of the Council.
Council members may recommend changes to the Constitution or Bylaws by submitting such changes to the Executive Secretary for consideration at the Annual Business Meeting of the Council.
Constitution and Bylaws changes must be voted on and passed by two-thirds majority vote of the assembled membership at the Annual Business Meeting of the Council. Members unable to attend the Annual Meeting of the Council may indicate their vote via e-mail to the Member-at-Large prior to the Annual Meeting.
The Executive Secretary shall maintain a file containing: Constitution and Bylaws, minutes of all meetings, correspondence pertinent to Council affairs, all committee reports, financial statements and records, and any other material judged by the Executive Committee as pertinent.
The Annual Meeting of the Council shall be during the first three weeks of November at a site determined by the Executive Committee.
The Annual Meeting of the Council will rotate sequentially between three locations in western North America: (a) Death Valley National Park; (b) a site to be determined in western United States of America; and (c) a site to be determined in Mexico.
Notification of such meetings shall be given to the Executive Secretary at least six months prior to the Annual Meeting of the Council. Council members shall be notified at least ninety days prior to the Annual Meeting of the Council.
The quorum shall be 20 members.
The rules contained in the latest revision of Roberts’ Rules of Order shall govern the Council and its Executive Committee in all cases where they are applicable, and when they are not inconsistent with the Bylaws or the special rules of order of the Council. Unless otherwise stated in the Constitution and Bylaws for specific cases, all decisions will be made by a simple majority vote.
The order of business at the Annual Business Meeting of the Council, unless changed by a majority vote of assembled members, shall be as follows:
1 Minutes of the previous Annual Business Meeting of the Council.
- Minutes of the most recent Executive Committee Meeting of the Council.
- Report of the Council’s President
- Report of the Council’s Past President
- Report of the Council’s Executive Secretary and Treasurer.
- Report of the Council’s Membership Secretary.
- Report of the Council’s Proceedings Editor.
- Report of the Council’s Program Secretary.
- Report of the Council’s Areas Coordinator.
- Report of the Council’s Member-at-Large of the Executive Committee.
- Report of the Webmaster
- Report of the Council’s Chairperson of the Student Awards Committee.
- Report of the Council’s Chairpersons of Local Committees for future meetings of the Council.
- Election of Officers of the Council.
- Resolutions of the Council.
- Old Business of the Council.
- New Business of the Council.
Minutes of all Council meetings shall be recorded by the Past President or any member designated by the President.
Two student awards will be presented at each Annual Meeting: The Carl L. Hubbs Award for best overall student paper, and The Robert Rush and Frances Hubbs Miller Award for best paper presented by a Latin American student. Students must be members of the Council and must indicate their desire to compete for an award at time of abstract submittal.
Section 9. Professional Awards
The W. L. Minckley Conservation Award will be presented every third year in Death Valley. The award is intended to recognize individuals or organizations whose work has significantly influenced the conservation of desert aquatic ecosystems and/or the native organisms dependent on them. Individuals or organizations will be recognized who have demonstrated their commitment to preservation of sustainable ecosystem management of desert aquatic ecosystems and their native biota through some combination of research, publication, outreach, mentoring, development of public policy, individual activities on private land, or particularly creative approaches that are aimed to further perpetuate into the indefinite future healthy, naturally functioning desert aquatic ecosystems and the organisms dependent upon them.
Nominations should include the nominee’s curriculum vitae (if for an individual) and a minimum of two supporting letters that detail nominee’s specific contributions as mentioned above. Nominations made by multiple individuals for one person or agency must submit their own letter detailing why they nominated the individual or agency. All letters must be signed and dated by the nominator. Nominations, including self-nominations, should be submitted by 15 October for the nominee to be eligible for the award.
The Shining Star Award is a nomination made by a DFC member recognizing the professional or personal work a DFC peer has accomplished on behalf of desert fishes or their habitats.
Funds of the Council shall be under the supervision of the Executive Secretary.
The fiscal year of the Council shall commence immediately after 00:00:00 hours on January 1 and end at 23:59:59 hours on December 31.
The Executive Secretary shall deposit all funds of the Council in a bank approved by the Executive Committee, at frequent intervals, and in the name of the Council. The Executive Secretary shall be responsible for disbursement of Council’s funds. The Executive Secretary shall balance accounts at end of each fiscal year, and report to the Executive Committee and the Council those adjustments as required by the annual audit.
An audit of the Council’s financial status shall be made at the end of each fiscal year by the officers of the Council.
The Executive Secretary need not be bonded.
Funds shall be derived from dues, special assessments, work projects, Annual Meeting proceeds when realized, and contributions.
Annual dues shall be fifteen U.S. dollars for Student Membership, twenty-five U.S. dollars for Regular Membership, thirty-five U.S. dollars for Family Membership, thirty-five U.S. dollars for Sustaining Membership, and 25 times the annual Regular Membership dues for Life Membership. Patron Membership is available to companies and corporations for a single payment of one thousand U.S. dollars ($1,000). All memberships are payable on a calendar year basis. Complimentary memberships are gratis.
Proceedings of the Desert Fishes Council shall be made available for downloading from the Desert Fishes Council website (http://www.desertfishes.org/) or paperback copies can be special ordered from Lulu.com, an online publishing firm.
As revised October 2014