Sedges and Rushes

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Key to the sedges of Cuatrocienegas
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Sedges (Family Cyperaceae) and rushes (Family Juncaceae) are wetland plants that superficially resemble grasses.  Below is a list of all the species found in Cuatrocienegas.  The first species name is that which is used in Pinkava's flora of the basin.  Any names after that are synonyms, with the accepted name of present in bold.

Sedges have edges: they are usually have triangular stems, with leaves, if present, three-ranked, one for each side of the stem.
There are fifteen species of sedges found in Cuatrocienegas.

Rushes are round:  they have stems that appear circular in cross-section, and are solid, in contrast to grasses, which have hollow stems.
There is only one rush species found in Cuatrocienegas.

Below is a list of the sedges and rushes found in Cuatrociénegas.


Juncus torreyi


Carex planostachys

Carex pringlei
L. H. Bailey

Carex schiedeana

Cladium jamaicense
Crantz; Cladium mariscus (L.) Pohl ssp. jamaicense (Crantz) Kükenth;            Cladium leptostachyum Nees & Meyen; Mariscus jamaicensis (Crantz) Britt.

Cyperus odoratus
L.;  Cyperus acicularis Schrad. ex Nees; Cyperus eggersii Boeckl.; Cyperus engelmannii Steud.; Cyperus ferax L.C. Rich.; Cyperus ferruginescens Boeckl.; Cyperus longispicatus J.B.S. Norton; Cyperus macrocephalus Liebm.; Cyperus macrocephalus var. eggersii (Boeckl.) S.D. Jones, J. Wipff & R. Carter; Cyperus odoratus var. acicularis (Schrad. ex Nees) O'Neill; Cyperus odoratus var. engelmannii (Steud.) R. Carter & S.D. Jones; Cyperus odoratus var. squarrosus (Britt.) S.D. Jones, J. Wipff & R. Carter; Cyperus speciosus Vahl; Cyperus speciosus var. squarrosus Britt.; Mariscus huarmensis Kunth; Torulinium confertum Desv. ex Hamilton; Torulinium eggersii (Boeckl.) C.B. Clarke; Torulinium odoratum (L.) S. Hooper

Dichromena colorata
(L.) A. S. Hitchc.; Rhynchospora colorata (L.) H. Pfeiffer

Eleocharis caribaea
(Rootb.) Blake; Eleocharis geniculata (L.) Roemer & J.A. Schultes

Eleocharis cellulosa

Eleocharis montevidensis
Kunth; Eleocharis arenicola Torr.

Eleocharis rostellata
(Torrey) Torrey;  Eleocharis rostellata var. congdonii Jepson; Eleocharis rostellata var. occidentalis S. Wats.; Scirpus rostellatus Torr.

Fimbristylis thermalis
Wats.; Fimbristylis spadicea auct. non (L.) Vahl; Scirpus spadiceus auct. non L.

Fuirena simplex

Schoenus nigricans

Scirpus maritimus
L. var paludosus (A. Nels.) Koyama; Schoenoplectus maritimus (L.) Lye;  Bolboschoenus maritimus (L.) Palla; Bolboschoenus maritimus ssp. paludosus (A. Nels.) A.& D. Löve; Bolboschoenus paludosus (A. Nels.) Soó; Scirpus fernaldii Bickn.; Scirpus maritimus L.; Scirpus maritimus var. fernaldii (Bickn.) Beetle; Scirpus pacificus Britt.; Scirpus paludosus A. Nels.; Scirpus paludosus var. atlanticus Fern.

Scirpus olneyi Gray; Schoenoplectus americanus (Pers.) Volk. ex Schinz & R. KellerScirpus americanus Pers.; Scirpus chilensis Nees & Meyen ex Kunth; Scirpus conglomeratus Kunth; Scirpus pungens var. longisetus Benth. & F. Muell.


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